Minerals in Plants 2

Minerals in Plants 2

  • Jan Scholten


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More analysis undertaken in the same vein as the first book, Mineral in Plants.

The premise is that the mineral content of a plant relates to its possible homeopathic use.

231 pp pb


Minerals in Plants 2, by Jan Scholten, was published in 2001.

This book is an extension of the work Minerals in Plants. 93 plants were examined for the presence of 59 elements. A comparison is made of the medicinal properties and the homeopathic pictures of minerals high in a plant with the properties and pictures of that plant.

Scholten suggests that this study can be used for the following purposes:

a. confirmation of known remedy pictures

b. study of little or unknown remedies by extrapolating the picture from the pictures of the elements that are high in the plant, and

c. study of little or unknown elements by extrapolating the picture from the pictures of the plants that have a high content of that element.

From the Book

Element analysis of plants is one of the ways to make comparison and differential diagnosis possible. In this book the "ANAA" analysis will make available the element analysis of some 60 elements of about 100 plants.



This study is a follow up of "Minerals in Plants". The purpose is to compare the medicinal properties of the plants and minerals. By analyzing the contents of minerals in plants we can see which minerals are comparatively high or low. Then we can compare the medicinal properties and the homeopathic pictures of minerals high in a plant with the properties and pictures of that plant.

We can study the picture of a plant remedy by comparing it with the minerals with a high content in the plant.

The analysis was done by Actalabs, 1336 Sandhill Drive, Ancaster, Ontario, Canada. Their web site is www.actlabs.com. The analysis was Induced Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy on the ashes of the dried plants.

93 plants were made by available by VSM, Alkmaar, Netherlands. Their web site is www.vsm.nl . Actalabs repeated 3 analysis: Cardamine pratensis, Ocimum canum and Stachys officinalis. So 96 results were obtained. VSM delivered the dried plants, mostly in a quantity of around 30 grams.

For details see the table on page 18. Osmundo regalis and Urtica urens were provided twice and thus analyzed twice. It gives a kind of comparison of plants harvested in different times. Osmundo regalis was provided as leaves and as roots. So there we can compare different parts of the plant.

Elements 59 elements were analyzed. The Kalium of all the plants were above the limits that could be analyzed. So Kalium is left out of the tables, leaving 58 elements. The amount of elements is thus greater than in "Minerals in Plants", were only 22 elements were analyzed.

So comparison has a wider range. Many elements though don't have a clear picture. Comparison is more difficult there.

The results of the analysis can depend on many factors. Some conclusions can be drawn from this study and the former one "Minerals in plants".

Consistency of the measurement:
errors of analysis. Comparing the measurements of the 3 specimens that were analyzed twice can assess the consistence of the measurements. The results were generally about 10% different, with a few of them higher up to 30%. So the results look consistent.

Reliability of the measurement:
errors of different analysis. Comparing the measurements of the reference coal can assess the reliability of the measurements (see the table of the elements in Part 2). The results were generally less then 5% different. So the results look reliable.

Part of plant
In general it looks as if roots and bark have a higher content of trace elements than leaves and flower (see the table of the plants in Part 1). This is very obvious in the case of Osmundo regalis, of which 2 specimens have been analyzed, one root, and one plant.

The case of Osmundo regalis can be accounted for also partly by the season. The root was harvested in November, almost wintertime. Winter has connotations of contraction and concentration, which can lead to higher levels of trace elements.

The season can also be studied in the example of Urtica urens, as 2 specimens from a different season were analyzed. The differences are quite big, ranging from 30% till more than 100% difference. So the season seems to be a big influence for the mineral content of plants

Climate, stage of development
The above differences can also be accounted for by differences in climate and season, and differences in the stage of development of the plant. From this study it's difficult to differentiate those influences

Soil, air and contamination
Soil, air and contamination are equal for all the specimens as they come from the same, unpolluted garden of VSM

Results and Conclusions
This study can be used for many purposes.

  • First is the confirmation of known remedy pictures.
  • Second is the study of little or unknown remedies by extrapolating the picture from the pictures of the elements that are high in the plant.
  • Third is the study of little or unknown elements by extrapolating the picture from the pictures of the plants that have a high content of that element.

The book can be used as a kind of repertory: especially the right columns, which are sorted on the deviation, can give a good insight and the part which a deviation above, for instance, 1 can be used as a rubric in repertorisation.

Striking results
Hyoscyamus is high in Lithium in both studies. Belladonna, another member of the Solanaceae, also has a high content of Lithium. Tabacum of the same family is also known for it's high Lithium content.

It indicates that the whole family will have a high content of lithium. This is in good accordance with the remedy pictures of the Solanaceae at one side and that of Lithium at the other side.

Syringa vulgaris showed a very high content of Indium. The plant has shown a strong feature of nostalgia (Proving and cases by Jan Scholten, not yet published). Indium has a strong nostalgia.

Verbena has the highest content of Iron of all studied plants. The Dutch name of the plant is: Iron hard.

Confusing results
The lanthanides are especially strong in a few plants. But then most of the lanthanides are strong. It looks as if differentiation of the Lanthanides is difficult.

From this study and the former one, one can conclude that they are worthwhile to do. Gradually some relations between plants and minerals are discovered, confirmed or extended.

Example: Adonis vernalis


Acknowledgement -- 4
Contents -- 5-7
Introduction -- 8
Discussion -- 9
Detection Limits -- 10
Literature -- 10

Part 1 - Plants -- 11
Table -- 12-15
Aconitum napellus -- 16
Adonis vernalis -- 17
Agrimonia eupatoria -- 18
Alchemilla vulgaris -- 19
Anethum graveolens -- 20
Angelica archangelica -- 21
Anthemis nobilis -- 22
Aquilegia vulgaris -- 23
Belladonna = Atropa belladonna -- 24
Bellis perennis -- 25
Bryonia dioica -- 26
Cardamine pratensis -- 27
Cardamine pratensis R -- 28
Cardiospermum halicacabum -- 29
Castanea vesca -- 30
Centaurium erythraea -- 31
Chamomilla -- 32
Chelidonium majus -- 33
Chenopodium anthelminticum -- 34
Cicuta virosa -- 35
Cimicifuga racemosa -- 36
Cinnamodendron cortisonum -- 37
Clematis erecta -- 38
Collinsonia canadensis -- 39
Conium maculatum -- 40
Cupressus lawsoniana -- 41
Echinacea angustifolia -- 42
Echinacea purpurea -- 43
Escholtzia californica -- 44
Faba vulgaris -- 45
Fagopyrum esculentum -- 46
Fraxinus excelsior -- 47
Galium aparine -- 48
Glechoma hederacea -- 49
Gnaphalium leontopodium -- 50
Hedera helix -- 51
Hydrophyllum virginicum -- 52
Hyoscyamus niger -- 53
Hyssopus officinalis -- 54
Lappa arctium -- 55
Lapsana communis -- 56
Laurocerasus = Prunus laurocerasus -- 57
Leonurus cardiaca -- 58
Lespedeza sieboldii -- 59
Linum usitatissimum -- 60
Lycopus europaeu -- 61
Malva sylvestris -- 62
Mandragora officinalis -- 63
Marrubium vulgare -- 64
Melilotus officinalis -- 65
Melissa officinalis -- 66
Mentha arvensis -- 67
Mercurialis perennis -- 68
Milium solis = Lithospermum off -- 69
Ocimum canum -- 70
Ocimum canum Repeated -- 71
Oenanthe crocata -- 72
Ononis spinosa -- 73
Osmundo regalis 1 -- 74
Osmundo regalis 2 -- 75
Paeonia officinalis -- 76
Petroselinum crispum -- 77
Plantago major -- 78
Polygonum aviculare -- 79
Primula veris -- 80
Prunus padis -- 81
Psoralea bituminosa -- 82
Rhus toxicodendron -- 83
Rumex acetosa = Rumex acetosella -- 84
Ruta graveolens -- 85
Salicaria purpurea -- 86
Salix purpurea -- 87
Saliva sclarea -- 88
Sanguisorba officinalis -- 89
Scrophularia nodosa -- 90
Scutellaria lateriflora --91
Solidago virgaurea -- 92
Spilanthes oleracea -- 93
Stachys officinalis -- 94
Stachys officinalis -- 95
Stachys sylvatica -- 96
Syringa vulgaris -- 7
Taraxacum officinale -- 98
Teucrium chamaedrys -- 99
Thuja occidentalis -- 100
Tormentilla erecta = Potentilla er. -- 101
Tussilago farfara -- 102
Tussilago petasites -- 103
Ulmus campestris -- 104
Urtica dioica -- 105
Urtica urens 1 -- 106
Urtica urens 2 -- 107
Verbena officinalis -- 108
Vinca minor -- 109
Viola tricolor -- 110
Zizia aurea = Thaspium aureum -- 111-112

Part 2 - Elements -- 113
Table -- 114-115
Aluminum -- 116-117
Argentum -- 118-119
Arsenicum -- 120-121
Barium -- 122-123
Beryllium -- 124-125
Bismuthum -- 126-127
Borium -- 128-129
Cadmium -- 130-131
Caesium -- 132-133
Calcium -- 134-135
Cerium -- 136-137
Chromium -- 138-139
Cobaltum -- 140-141
Cuprum -- 142-143
Dysprosium -- 144-145
Erbium -- 146-147
Europium -- 148-149
Ferrum -- 150-151
Gadolinium -- 152-153
Gallium -- 154-155
Germanium -- 156-157
Hafnium -- 158-159
Holmium -- 160-161
Indium -- 162-163
Lanthanum -- 164-165
Lithium -- 166-167
Lutetium -- 168-169
Magnesium -- 170-171
Manganum -- 172-173
Molybdenum -- 174-175
Natrium -- 176-177 --
Neodymium -- 178-179
Niccolum -- 180-181
Niobium -- 182-183
Plumbum -- 184-185
Praseodymium -- 186-187
Rhenium -- 188-189
Rubidium -- 190-191
Samarium -- 192-193
Scandium -- 194-195
Selenium -- 196-197
Silicium -- 198-199
Stibium -- 200-201
Strontium -- 202-203
Tantalum -- 204-205
Tellurium -- 206-207
Terbium -- 208-209
Thallium -- 210-211
Thorium -- 212-213
Thulium -- 214-215
Titanium -- 216-217
Tungstenium -- 218-219
Uranium -- 220-221
Vanadium -- 222-223
Ytterbium -- 224-225
Yttrium -- 226-227
Zincum -- 228-229
Zirconium -- 230-231

Jan Scholten, MD

(1951 -     )

Jan Scholten was born on December 23rd, 1951, in Helmond, The Netherlands.

Jan studied chemistry, philosophy, medicine, acupuncture and homeopathy. In addition, he studied many other alternative health disciplines, such as orthomolecular medicine, herbalism, and Bach Flower remedies. From 1985 onward, he has had a full time classical homeopathic practice.

Jan studied with many renowned teachers, including Roger Morrisson, George Vithoulkas, Alphons Geukens, Künzli, Bill Gray and many others. In 1988, he founded the "Homeopathic Doctors Center Utrecht" together with Maria Davits and Rienk Stuut. The Center has grown ever since and now hosts eleven working homeopaths.

Jan is known worldwide through his books "Homeopathy and Minerals" and "Homeopathy and the Elements". Further developments of Dr. Scholten include explorations into the plant kingdom, particularly studying botanical families like the Compositae.

Jan Scholten has lectured all over the world, including Great Britain, Germany, Austria, France, Spain, Norway, Ireland, Poland, Tsechia, Hungary, Italy, Israel, India, the U.S.A., Australia and New Zealand.

He is affiliated with the SHO Wageningen. He is the president of Stichting Alonissos and the advisor of SHO.



Reviewed by Francis Treuherz

Here's a funny book: - after the contents page, and an introduction of 4 pages, the rest of the book comprises column after column.

Half the pages are headed by the name of a plant, below which the relevant elements are listed, whilst the remaining half of the book reverses the process: - that is, the name of the element is given first, followed by a list of those plants which contain that particular element.

The columns give us figures which are both numerical and relative stated as deviations from the norm. At first glance this would seem to render the book unreadable.

But since it is written by the well-known Dutch pioneer homeopath, our foremost scholar of group analysis, with a relaxed and benign teaching technique, Jan Scholten, I must persevere.

After the reading the introduction, however, all becomes clear. This is a reference book.

The introduction itself is set out like a scientific paper brief and classically structured. It comprises the following headings: purpose, analysis, plants, elements, literature, layout, discussion, consistency and reliability of measurement, part of plant, season, climate, results and conclusions whether striking or confusing.

The book is in good English, although there are occasional infelicities of language, such as the use of the term 'layout', when 'structure' would probably have been more suitable.

The main purpose of the book is to enlarge the knowledge we have of the relationship of plant families (and individual plants) and elements. Jan has already taught us much about the periodic table, which systematically divides elements into columns and series.

If we know the amount and proportion of elements in plants we may begin to look at plant families more systematically, and relate their healing potential to what we know of the healing properties of elements from which they are made.

The research was commissioned in Canada, and was performed in more detail and with more depth than the previous volume from 2001 .

There are some aspects of authorial choice which are unclear, but perhaps familiarity with the book will clarify these. For example, some plant remedies chosen for analysis, and some elements also, are obscure in the sense of being unproven or little known or used. (Perhaps this book will help bring them into use.)

Another mystifying incongruity is that the title of the book uses the term 'minerals', and yet the contents page refers to 'elements'.

There are three more publications which I wish to mention as useful in this area of our development. John Emsley has written an amazing reference book, Nature's Building Blocks - An A-Z Guide to the Elements (Oxford 2001) which is an encyclopaedia of information written in a fine literary style about each element with myth and medicine and social and cultural knowledge as well as the more usual scientific information.

The equivalent botanical volume is Flowering Plants of the World by John Heywood (Oxford 1979) which has some great diagrams as well, showing the relationships of plant families. Then there is www.synergycreations.com which has a periodic table program downloadable free, with a payment of $15 for all the features. Jan Scholten actually uses all these.

Wishing to test the book, I perhaps simplistically look for Aurum as a constituent element; but perhaps gold is not found much in plants (not as much as it is needed by patients!), since it is not even listed.

So I try again: Conium is a well known plant remedy; I wonder if it has much lead in it, thinking that this may perhaps explain its symptomatology of leaden paralysis. Not especially! It does, however, have an unusual proportion of Argentum; I wonder why? I must confess that this book has a value which I have not yet fully discovered, due to my own lack of understanding.

I try again... Aha! Hyoscyamus, I find, has a high lithium content, and we know that barking madness runs through both of these remedies. Now it begins to make sense.

Lastly, it is possible that our knowledge of mineral content may also help us also learn more about the little-known plant remedies, so that we might be able to prescribe them simply from the elements they contain. Verbena has a great deal of iron for example, and is known as 'Eisenkraut' in German. So this book has a great future. It is thoroughly researched, well laid out, and worth studying.

Reprinted with permission from the Society of Homeopaths