Homeopathy and Minerals

Homeopathy and Minerals

  • Jan Scholten


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Scholten describes each mineral family using a process he calls group analysis.

By extracting the symptoms common to all the remedies in a family, he composes themes that can then be applied to the various remedies in that family.

295 pp pb


Homeopathy and Minerals, by Jan Scholten, was published in 1993.

With this book Scholten explores the themes of various remedy groups-the Natrums, the Acids, the Carbonicums, etc., and extracts the symptoms that are common to group members.

Having related some basic ideas to the chemical elements he uses these concepts to choose the remedy and, to some extent, predict the themes of unknown remedies.

After discussing the topic of disease and explaining his 'group analysis' Scholten illustrates the various groups--the cations, single elements, etc. He also describes Argentum metallicum and a search strategy used to understand remedies.

Lesser-known remedies are thoroughly described and illustrated with a case. Differentials are utilized to emphasize the characteristics of similar remedies.


Acknowledgements -- 7-8
Foreword -- 9-10
Introduction -- 11-14
Disease as Creation -- 15-22
Group Analysis -- 23-26
Cations -- 27
The Calciums -- 27-28
The Magnesiums -- 29-30
The Kaliums -- 31-32
The Natriums -- 33-34
Single elements -- 35-36
The Carbonicums -- 37-38
Graphites -- 39-40
Calcium Carbonicum -- 41-42
Magnesium Carbonicum -- 43-46
Natrium Carbonicum -- 47-48
The Muriaticums -- 49-50
Chlorum -- 51-52
Calcium Muriaticum -- 53-56
Magnesium Muriaticum -- 57-60
Kalium Muriaticum -- 61-64
Natrium Muriaticum -- 65-66
The Sulphuricums -- 67-68
Sulphur -- 69-70
Calcium Sulphuricum -- 71-74
Magnesium Sulphuricum -- 75-78
Kalium Sulphuricum -- 79-82
Natrium Sulphuricum -- 83-84
The Phosphoricums -- 85-88
Phosphor -- 89-90
Calcium Phosphoricum -- 91-94
Magnesium Phosphoricum -- 95-98
Kalium Phosphoricum -- 99-102
Natrium Phosphoricum -- 103-106
The Barytas -- 107-108
Baryta Carbonicum -- 109-110
Baryta Muriaticum -- 111-114
Baryta Sulphuricum -- 115-118
Baryta Phosphoricum -- 119-122
The Acids -- 123-124
Sulphuric Acid -- 125-128
Phosphoric Acid -- 129-132
The Ammoniums -- 133-134
Ammonium Carbonicum -- 135-138
Ammonium Muriaticum -- 139-142
Ammonium Sulphuricum -- 143-146
Ammonium Phosphoricum -- 147-150
The Nitricums -- 151-152
Nitric Acid -- 153-154
Calcium Nitricum -- 155-158
Kalium Nitricum -- 159-162
Natrium Nitricumv163-166
Baryta Nitricum -- 167-170
The Fluoratums --171-172
Calcium Fluoratum --173-176
Magnesium Fluoratum -- 177-180
Kalium Fluoratum -- 181-184
Natrium Fluoratum -- 185-188
Baryta Fluoratum -- 189-192
The Bromatums -- 193-194
Bromium -- 195-198
Calcium Bromatum -- 199-202
Magnesium Bromatum -- 203-206
Kalium Bromatum -- 207-210
The Iodatums -- 211-212
Magnesium Iodatum -- 213-216
Kalium Iodatum -- 217-220
Natrium Iodatum -- 221-224
The Ferrum Group -- 225-226
Vanadium -- 227-232
Kalium Bichromicum -- 233-234
Chromium Metallicum -- 235-240
Manganum -- 241-246
The Ferrums -- 247-248
Ferrum Metallicum -- 249-250
Ferrum Muriaticum -- 251-254
Ferrum Sulphuricum -- 255-258
Ferrum Phosphoricum -- 259-262
Ferrum Iodatum -- 263-266
Niccolum -- 267-270
Cuprum -- 271-272
Zincum -- 273-274
Addenda -- 275
Argentum Metallicum -- 275-282
The times -- 283-284
The time table -- 285-288
Epilogue -- 289-292
Literature -- 293
The periodic table of elements -- 294-295

Jan Scholten, MD

(1951 -     )

Jan Scholten was born on December 23rd, 1951, in Helmond, The Netherlands.

Jan studied chemistry, philosophy, medicine, acupuncture and homeopathy. In addition, he studied many other alternative health disciplines, such as orthomolecular medicine, herbalism, and Bach Flower remedies. From 1985 onward, he has had a full time classical homeopathic practice.

Jan studied with many renowned teachers, including Roger Morrisson, George Vithoulkas, Alphons Geukens, Künzli, Bill Gray and many others. In 1988, he founded the "Homeopathic Doctors Center Utrecht" together with Maria Davits and Rienk Stuut. The Center has grown ever since and now hosts eleven working homeopaths.

Jan is known worldwide through his books "Homeopathy and Minerals" and "Homeopathy and the Elements". Further developments of Dr. Scholten include explorations into the plant kingdom, particularly studying botanical families like the Compositae.

Jan Scholten has lectured all over the world, including Great Britain, Germany, Austria, France, Spain, Norway, Ireland, Poland, Tsechia, Hungary, Italy, Israel, India, the U.S.A., Australia and New Zealand.

He is affiliated with the SHO Wageningen. He is the president of Stichting Alonissos and the advisor of SHO.


Reviewed by Paul Mittman, ND

I recall a lecture by Paul Herscu on the geography of the homeopathic "world." On this globe, remedies are represented by land masses which correspond in size to the remedy's relative size in the materia medica.

In other words, polycrests are depicted as large countries or islands, commonly prescribed remedies are smaller countries and rarely prescribed remedies are tiny islands either solitary or in an archipelago (if the remedy is often associated with other remedies of like size - Erigeron with Sabina, ect.).

The most interesting feature of this analogy was the association of different mineral families with mountain ranges; the Kalis could be the Alps, the Calcareas as the Appalachians (rounder and more stable), the natrums solitary and unapproachable as the Himalayas.

In his book, Homeopathy and Minerals, Jan Scholten is our guide as we circle the globe climbing the mountain ranges of the homeopathic materia medica. Scholten goes beyond describing the cation ranges (the Calcareas, Magnesias, Natrums, Kalis, etc.) - he describes the anion minerals that combine to form remedy salts. More than just trekking through the ranges, we climb nearly every peak.

Group analysis
Scholten describes each mineral family using a process he calls "group analysis." By extracting the symptoms common to all the remedies in a family, he composes themes that can then be applied to the various salts in that family.

For example, conscientiousness, optimism, sense of duty, pragmatism, the middle of the night time aggravation are common to the remedies in the Kali family. A patient who strongly exhibits these characteristics would lead you to consider one of the Kali salts.

Group analysis is used to analyze the anions (carbonicas, muriaticas, phosphoricas and sulphuricas) as well. The carbonicas for example, have the themes; meaning, self worth, dignity, shyness and hard work.

Synthetic understanding
Scholten takes this idea to its logical conclusion by synthesizing remedy pictures using the combined themes of the cation and the anion. It's easy to see the "meaning of Kali carbonicum's life is sticking to his principles and doing his duty," by combining the aforementioned Kali and carbonia themes.

While polycrests are included in Homeopathy and Minerals, discussions of small and rare remedies take up sense of Scholten's work by reprinting a section on a smaller remedy whose picture, how- ever, is familiar enough to most of us. I've reversed the book's layout by placing the case illustration before the materia medica so you can read the case with an unprejudice mind. Here, compare your understanding of this remedy with Scholten's portrayal.

A woman of 20 is very gloomy. She can not bring herself to do anything, she feels tired very quickly. She experiences life as rather pointless. She has been like this for one and a half years, since she ended the relationship with her boyfriend. She did not really know why she finished the relationship, but she felt suffocated and felt he demanded too much of her.

Two years ago, her father died. She had a love- hate relationship with him. Her parents divorced when she was 5 years old. From the age of 12 to 16 she did not want to see her father anymore. She had the feeling that her father saw her as the daughter of his ex-wife and not as a real individual person. He thought she had affected mannerisms, like her mother.

Her mother has severe mental problems and regularly has to spend some time in a psychiatric hospital. This 'schizophrenia' had already started when the daughter was 1 year old. The father could not tolerate the mother's behavior and ended the marriage. He was gone with no notice.

Two years ago the patient was very concerned about the idea of schizophrenia, she was afraid that it might be hereditary. Everything revolved around her mother at that time, and that is when her depressive feelings first started.

She has various complaints:
Back and neck pain. Vertigo with a feeling of fainting and a light feeling in her head. Nausea when she gets worked up about something. She also has spells of restlessness, she has to do something then.

General characteristics:
Temperature: She suffers from cold feet. Head ache rain (2), >sea (2). She cannot tolerate heat (2), it makes her very tired.
Perspiration: Little.
Time: Desires: Spicy (3), chocolate (2), salt (2), tobacco (3), alcohol.
Aversion: Thyme (3), fish, coffee (2).
Nausea after coffee. Gloomy after smoking and alcohol.
Menses: She often has stomach cramps and pain in her calves. The day before the menses she is bad tempered and starts cleaning the house.
Sleep: Unrefreshed. She sleeps on her stomach.
Mind: She has a lot of will power and when she wants something she achieves it. But she often does not know what she wants. There is always something that gets her out of balance.

She is easily irritated, but usually keeps this to herself. She is irritated when people are being difficult, when people are coming too close, and when she has to talk for ages to explain something to someone. What irritates her the most is her mother, who only talks about her world and her own problems.

She is afraid that something terrible will happen to her, that she will go mad. Two years ago she took 'ecstasy' once and realized that it is very easy to become mad.

Too much attention can suddenly make her panic. In the morning, she is always bad tempered.

Dreams: About dying, corpses and water. As a child, she often dreamt of a corpse that was floating in water. She recently had a dream that she was in a cellar where the water was rising, and she couldn't get out.

During the consultation, she appears reserved and rather bad tempered. She gives you the feeling that she does not like talking about herself. She is good at learning things. Photography is her hobby.

Work: She is studying, but she is going to stop soon, she feels she has come to a dead end.

Analysis and Prescription
As she is the child of divorced parents, the first choice, in my experience, is Magnesium muriaticum. But the theme of Magnesium muriaticum is also present in other aspects. There is the strong irritation towards her mother, who isn't a real mother to her, who doesn't give her the love and affection that a child expects of a mother. The problems with her father and boyfriend seem to be of secondary importance, more related to her main problem with her mother. We also find other Magnesium muriaticum symptoms in this case: sea, desire for salt, aversion to fish dreams about water.

The depression gradually disappeared after Magnesium muriaticum 1 M. A year later she started her studies again, in a new subject and with great enjoyment. Other remedies which helped her later on were Natrum flouratum and Graphites.

Magnesium muriaticum
Magnesium muriaticum has been extensively described by Vithoulkas. The mental picture that he describes, is of a pacifist who cannot stand aggression and tries to make peace everywhere, privately as well as politically.

Whitmont, gives another picture besides this. According to Whitmont, Magnesium muriaticum is the first remedy for manic depressive states. The aggressive side is also obvious in his description.


Fear of loss
Fear of pain

Self pity
Need to be nurtured

Group Analysis
From the group analysis, we get the following picture as the essence of the remedy: the idea that aggression leads to loss of care from the mother, or that aggression is necessary to forcefully ask for care. From this viewpoint, we can understand the pictures painted by Vithoulkas and Whitmont, and bring them together in the essence. We can also find the magnesium element again: the aggression can be very much held in check, leading to pacifism, or it can be expressed and result in great irritation.

The group analysis tells us why magnesia muriaticum has such problems with aggression. This is because he is so afraid to lose his sense of security through aggression. Or he is afraid that others will lose it too.

In Magnesia carbonica we sooner find the fear that he will lose his self worth. In Magnesia muriaticum it is the fear to lose his sense of being safe and cared for. Magnesia muriaticum is, with this theme, the first remedy to consider for children of divorced parents.

The quarreling of the parents made the child lose his sense of security. The repertory indicates this in the Rubric: 'delusion he is friendless.'

Picture of Magnesium muriaticum
Essence: The idea that their own aggression, or aggression from their mother, leads to loss of care from their mother or parents.

Mind: They crave for attention and nurturing. In the first stages they actually ask for this attention. They might nag, but they might also get very irritated if they don't get the attention. The irritation may be very strong and change into bad temper or fits of anger.

At the same time they are afraid of aggression themselves. They are afraid of other people's anger and don't know at all how to handle that. They completely shut off in that case. They can't stand violence on television either. But worst of all is violence amongst their own family or friends.

Quarrels between their parents can throw them completely out of balance. They are afraid of a divorce and will start to show all sorts of behavior to prevent this.

They might become even more impossible their behavior than the parents themselves: for instance manic depressive or hysterical. Or they might act as the pacifier, trying to stop the quarreling. Or they might give up and get depressed.

The depression can be a very strong symptom - They have the feeling of being abandoned by everybody, parents and friends. They will withdraw and become very silent. It will be difficult to make contact with them, and as a therapist you will get very few symptoms from them. Their answers are short, even abrupt. It is as if dark cloud is hanging over them.

They feel the world is divided, everything and everyone is divided by rows and violence.

They have strong feelings. These can become so strong that they could overwhelm them. That is when they dream about water that might drown them.

General characteristics:
Temperature: warm, <> sea, >open air.
Time: <7AM (3)
Desires: meat, fruit (2), lemon, vegetables (2), sweet (2).
Aversion: milk (3), meat, vegetables. Menses: irregular, copious. Sleep: unrefreshed (3). Fear Physical: >lying on left side, Complaints: Cramping pains. Affections of the liver, cancer of the liver. Constipation. Stools hard, dry, and white. acne.

Reliance on mind symptoms/pictures
Scholten relies heavily on the mind symptoms to compose the central themes in the group analysis. Early on he states. "It is on the mind level, that group analysis can offer the greatest benefits." Some of these symptoms are well represented in our repertories and materia medicas. Others are ideas or characteristics that have been extrapolated from these symptoms by Vithoulkas, Sankaran and others.

Although the mental and emotional symptoms are often the leading symptoms in our cases, I am apprehensive about relying on them so heavily, especially in cases in which small remedies are indicated.

Some of Scholten's case analysis borders on psychoanalysis, leaving the understanding of the case open to too much subjective interpretation.

In the Magnesium muriaticum case, for example, much of the prescription rests on the patient's "irritation toward her mother, who isn't a real mother to her, who doesn't give her the love and affection that a child expects of a mother."

One could justifiable argue that her love-hate relationship with her father, whom she did not talk to for 4 years leading up to his death and her subsequent depression (2 years later) was the central theme of the case. If that were accurate the case would best fit Scholten's description of Magnesium carbonicum. I'm not trying to argue this later point, but rather to point out the dangers inherent in overanalysing our patients.

I found Homeopathy and Minerals a provocative and fascinating work. The idea of using common themes from within the mineral families to enhance our understanding and ability to successfully prescribe these deep acting and often constitutional remedies is very appealing to me.

Scholten's sections on materia medica, although brief, were well done and often enlightening.

The case examples are the critical link in enabling me to put this information to practical use. Here, I feel the book falls short of the mark. I found the analyses to be too brief and vague, the follow ups even sketchier.

Hopefully, I in time, Scholten will treat and record cases that better illustrate his insightful perspectives on the materia medica of the mineral remedies.

Homeopathy and Minerals could very well be a rough and uncut gem in the midst of our homeopathic literature. I look forward to more polished and refined editions by Jan Scholten in the future.

Paul Mittman, ND. graduated from the National College of Natropathic Medicine in 1985, where he completed a two year residing in family practice. Dr. Mittman currently practices in Enfield, Connecticut, specializing in homeopathy. He completed the NESH course in 1991, and is currently participating in the 18-month Level 3 NESH course, and is a teacher, for NESH.

New England Journal of Homeopathy Volume 3 Number 3
Summer 1994
Reprinted with permission from New England Journal of Homeopathy


An exploration of the mineral remedies, and the "themes" related to the groupings (i.e., the natrums, the kaliums, the carbonicums).

The author develops a synthetic understanding of the remedies and uses these concepts to predict the curative possibilities of unknown remedies.

The Heritage of Homoeopathic Literature
copyright 2001 by Julian Winston
Reprinted with the permission of the author